Types of Programming Languages

We are officially in the digital milieu, with information technology driving all functions and services either directly or indirectly. The biggest disruptions in the world are a result of information technology. Developments in programming languages have been the driving force behind the impressive advances in applications and software. Programming languages are classified into different types, but for the purpose of brevity they can be categorized as high level and low level programming languages. Let’s dive deeper into the different types of programming languages.

Low level programming language

A low level programming language refers to any program that works within the limitations of the hardware components of the computer. A low level language is associated with the operational conditions and is therefore known as a computer native language.  It is intended to handle the hardware architecture and instructions of computers and does not require any interpretation. Machine language and assembly languages are typical examples of low level languages.

High level programming language

This refers to a programming language that permits the development of another program which will work in a manner that is convenient to the user. It also means that a high level programming language will not depend on the hardware architecture of the system it is intended work with. Typically, high level languages have a more sharper focus on the programming logic, and are hardware agnostic. Examples of high level languages are C+, Java etc. High level languages require either an interpreter or compiler to get it to work in a system.

Present versions of high level programming languages

The earlier versions of high level languages, such as Pascal, FORTRAN, C and COBOL are not widely used and have been largely replaced by improved versions known as problem oriented languages. Also known as fourth generation languages, the best examples include Visual Basic, C++, and PHP.  The popularity of these programming languages is the fact that programmers/developers need not look ascertain information from the system while developing a program. The developer only needs to work on the algorithms and programming logic, leaving the compiling and translation to other components of the software.

The most popular programming languages

Popularity and demand of programming languages are measured by the number of jobs generated by each language. Information from aggregator sites that help in head hunting and recruitment indicate very clearly the order of preference/demand in programming languages. At the top of the list is SQL, followed by Java, JavaScript, C# and Python. Though these programming languages are the most popular, there is no denying the fact that other programming languages are also important. It is hard to imagine processes and functions without programming languages. The area of specialization determines the right choice of programming languages as a career option.